UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Vietnam
By Custom Vietnam Travel | Updated 1/5/2019
World Heritage Sites of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) are the monuments, monuments or landmarks of a country recognized and managed by UNESCO. World Heritage sites in Vietnam have been recognized by UNESCO for all three types: world natural heritages, world cultural heritages and world mixed cultural and natural heritage. In the UNESCO system of titles, world heritage is the most prestigious and oldest title.
The cultural heritages of the countries in the world not only prove a beautiful and diverse country in nature, among the heritage of many countries, these are also illustrious histories of the nation. Vietnam currently has 8 world heritage sites recognized by UNESCO. Five of them are cultural heritages, two of them are natural heritages and one of them is a mixed heritage.
Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, Halong Bay are natural heritages. Complex of Hue Monuments, Hoi An Ancient Town, My Son Sanctuary, The relics center of Thang Long Imperial Citadel and Ho Dynasty Citadel are cultural heritages. Trang An scenic complex is the only mixed heritage site in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, and is one of the few 38 mixed heritage sites recognized by UNESCO.
Today, following Custom Vietnam Travel, we will show you all of World Heritage Sites of Vietnam where always are the best destinations for visitors in the first-time visiting Vietnam.
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
The Imperial City Center of Thang Long - Hanoi is the only evidence of the long-standing cultural tradition of the Vietnamese people in the Red River Delta throughout the 13-century continuous history (spanning from pre-Thang Long period, through Dinh period - Tiền Lê, up to the period of Thăng Long-Đông Kinh-Hà Nội with the Lý-Trần-Lê-Nguyễn dynasties and still continuing to this day.
The archaeological cultural layers, architectural and artistic relics of the heritage reflect a continuous succession of histories of the rulers who ruled the country of Vietnam on the ideological, political, administrative, law, economics, and culture for almost a thousand years. In the world, it is very rare to find a heritage that demonstrates such long-term continuity of political and cultural development like in Thang Long Imperial City Center - Hanoi.
On the other hand, The Imperial City Center of Thang Long - Hanoi clearly demonstrates a heritage that is directly related to many important events of the history of a nation of Southeast Asian nation in regional relations and the world. gender. The nominated heritage is conclusive evidence of the vitality and revival of a nation after more than ten centuries of foreign domination. The nominated heritage also imprints the victory of a colonial country in the struggle against colonialism, national independence, and has a great influence in the national liberation movement in the world, including two the war for independence and unity of Vietnam.
2. Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex
It is one of World Heritage Sites of Vietnam, located in the southern part of the Red River Basin, Trang An Scenic Landscape Complex is a landscape complex of karst terrain karst mountains alternating valleys and steep cliffs. The discoveries have shown that this place appeared archaeological evidence of man over 30,000 years ago.
The Trang An World Heritage Complex has unique natural landscapes from mountain rocks, ecosystems, forests, vegetation, rice fields, lagoons and cruise lines on Ngo Dong and Tien streams. , Vầu, Sao Khe, Den Voi and Ben Dang rivers. It owns beautiful caves such as Thien Ha cave, Thien Thanh cave, Tien cave, Tien Ca cave, Bai Gioi cave, Thuy Cung cave, But cave, Tam Coc cave, Trang An cave, Sinh Duoc cave; valuable archaeological sites such as Mo cave, Boi cave, Trong cave, Oc snail, Binh valley, Hoa Lu citadel; famous historical relics associated with the four dynasties of Dinh - Le - Ly - Tran dynasties such as Hoa Lu palace, King Dinh-King Le temple, Bich Dong temple, Bai Dinh pagoda, Vu Lam palace, Thai Vi temple, temple Tran, Suoi Tien temple or other landscapes such as bird valley, Sun valley, Dance cave, special forest Hoa Lu ...
3. Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park
Phong Nha-Ke Bang is located in a limestone area of about 200,000 hectares in Vietnam, the territory of Laos adjacent to the national park also has a limestone area of about 200,000 hectares. This national park is set up to protect one of the two largest karst regions in the world with about 300 caves and the conservation of northern Truong Son ecosystem in the North Central region of Vietnam. The features of this national park are limestone formations, 300 caves, underground rivers and rare flora and fauna in Vietnam Red Book and World Red Book. The caves here have a total length of over 80 km but British and Vietnamese cave explorers have only explored only 20 km, of which 17 km in Phong Nha area and 3 km in Ke Bang area.
In April 2009, an expedition belonging to the Royal Cave Association of England discovered and declared Son Doong cave as the largest cave in the world (over 5 km long, 200 m high, and 150 m wide. ), much bigger than Deer Cave in Gunung Mulu National Park in Sarawak, Malaysia, 4 to 5 times larger than Phong Nha. During this survey, the expedition also found many other caves.
The tectonic formations of Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park have formed 400 million years ago, since the Paleozoic period, thus the oldest carcass in Asia.
Experiencing many big changes in stratigraphy and geomorphology, the topography of this area is very complicated. Phong Nha-Ke Bang presents impressive evidence of Earth's history, helping historical researchers to understand the geological and topographical history of the region. The Phong Nha-Ke Bang area is one of the beautiful and distinctive models of complex karst formations in Southeast Asia.
4. The ancient town of Hoi An
Hoi An Ancient Town is an old town located in the lower Thu Bon River, in the coastal plain of Quang Nam province, Vietnam, about 30 km south of Danang city. Hoi An used to be a busy international trading port, a meeting place for Japanese, Chinese and Western merchant ships during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
The ancient town of Hoi An today is a special example of the traditional urban port in Southeast Asia that is preserved intact and thoughtful. Most of the houses here are traditional architecture dating from the 17th century to the 19th century, the farther along the narrow streets. Located in the middle of townhouses, religious and religious constructions demonstrate the process of formation, development, and decline of the city. Hoi An is also a land of many imprints of cultural mixing. Chinese guilds and temples are located next to traditional Vietnamese town houses and French architectural houses. In addition to cultural values through architectural works, Hoi An also preserves a diverse and rich intangible culture. The daily life of the old town residents with customs, religious activities, folk arts, cultural festivals is still being preserved and developed. Hoi An is considered a living museum of architecture and urban lifestyle.
5. My Son Sanctuary
My Son Sanctuary is a complex of Cham Pa temple ruins in Duy Phu commune, Duy Xuyen district, Quang Nam province. Tra Kieu is 20 km to the West, 45 km to Hoi An to the West, 68 km to Danang from the Southwest, and 145 km to Hue from the South. This area is located in a valley with a diameter of about 2 km, surrounded by hills and mountains. Between the IV and XIII centuries, a unique culture rooted in Hindu culture emerged on the coastal coast of Vietnam today. This was once the place of sacrifice, as well as the tomb area of the kings and princes of the ancient Champa dynasties. In 1999, Vietnam's My Son relic was recognized by UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage site.
6. Ha Long Bay
Located about 165km from Hanoi, Ha Long Bay is located off the northeastern coast of Vietnam, possessing about 2,000 islands and limestone outcrops of all shapes and sizes, large and small, emerging on the clear sea. Blue silence. The surrounding air is often shrouded in mist, which contributes to the mystery.
Besides, Ha Long Bay is also a place of high biodiversity concentration with typical ecosystems along with thousands of extremely rich and diverse flora and fauna. This place is also associated with cultural values - the heroic history of the nation.
7. Citadel of the Hồ Dynasty
The citadel of the Ho Dynasty (also known as Tay Do citadel, An Ton citadel, Tay Kinh citadel or Tay Giai citadel) was the capital city of Dai Ngu (the Vietnamese name of the Ho Dynasty), located in what is now Thanh Hoa province.
This is a fortified citadel with a unique large-scale unique stone architecture in Vietnam, the most valuable and unique, the only remaining in Southeast Asia and one of the very few stone castles. rest in the world. The citadel was built in a short time, only about 3 months (from January to March 1397) and up to now, although it has existed for more than 6 centuries, some parts of this citadel remain relatively intact.
Based on feng shui, the citadel of the Ho Dynasty is located in a beautiful landscape intersecting between mountains and plains along the Ma and Buoi rivers. The citadel of the Ho Dynasty was a prominent representative of a new style of Southeast Asian capital.
8. he complex of Hue Monuments
The complex of Hue Monuments is located along the banks of Huong River in Hue City and some surrounding areas in Thua Thien Hue Province. Hue City is the cultural, political and economic center of the province, the ancient capital of Vietnam during the feudal period under the Nguyen Dynasty, from 1802 to 1945.
From 1306, after the marriage of Princess Huyen Tran (Tran Dynasty) and King Cham, Che Man, Chau O and Chau Ly lands (including Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue and a part of present-day Northern Quang Nam) were named Thuan Hoa. In the second half of the 15th century, during the reign of King Le Thanh Tong, the name of Hue first appeared (?). In 1636, Lord Nguyen Dynasty was located in Kim Long (Hue). In the early years of the 18th century, Phu Xuan was the political, economic and cultural center of the "Dang Trong" land. From 1788 to 1801, Phú Xuân became the capital of the Tây Sơn Dynasty.
From 1802 to 1945, Hue was the capital of the united Vietnam under the reign of 13 Nguyen kings. Also at this time, there were valuable cultural and historical architectural works that were typical of Hue citadel, especially the Dai Noi area (with 253 constructions), 7 mausoleum clusters of 9 King Nguyen, Nam Giao, Ho Quyen and Hon Chen temples.
On the North bank of the Perfume River, the architectural system that symbolizes the supremacy of the central rule of the Nguyen regime is three citadels: the Imperial City of Hue, the Imperial Citadel of Hue, the Forbidden City of Hue, with interlocking arrangement arranged. facing a longitudinal axis from the South to the North. The citadel system here is a model of the harmonious combination between the architectural elite of East and West, set in a beautiful natural setting with many symbolic elements that are naturally available to the people. It is assumed that these are parts of Hue Imperial City - that is, Ngu Binh mountain, Huong Giang stream, Gia Vien dunes, Boc Thanh dune ...